In medical circles, the concept of sleep still remains one of the most elusive and least understood topics, which is ironic because at least one third of our lives are spent in this state.

Today we are going to break down the concept and have a scrutinizing look at some of the chemical and biological reasons as to why sleep is so important in our lives and the reasons for sleep deprivation, along with the inevitable consequences of such.

Sleep deprivation basically refers to a state in which an individual does not get an adequate amount of sleep. Here are some of the reasons why this happens.

Causes – Academic life

There has been a lot of research to suggest that students are especially susceptible to one or more forms of sleep deprivation, owing to their extremely busy schedules, very early classes and extensive course syllabuses.

The studies show that most of the students during their early years of college receive less than the optimum amount of sleep, leading to a downfall in class performance and examination grades.

Causes – Insomnia

By far, the most common reason for sleep deprivation is a condition known as insomnia. An individual suffering from insomnia will experience a variety of symptoms such as headaches, constant irritation, frustration, headaches, overpowering day-time sleepiness, a lack of focus, inability to remain attentive and having mood swings.

There are two basic types of insomnia.

1. Primary

This sleep disorder is categorized into three types:

Psycho-physiological

The is considered to be brought about by a heightened state of anxiety or stress.

Idiopathic

This has more of a neurological cause. It is thought be a result of a chemical imbalance in the part of the brain that regulate our sleep-wake cycle. This type of insomnia begins in childhood and lasts till death.

Sleep state misperception

This is not as common as the other two. It is a state where the person believes that they are not getting enough sleep even though they are.

2. Secondary

Also known as comorbid insomnia is a condition that has a correlation with the occurrence of other neurological or psychological conditions within…
 

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