During pregnancy, a woman’s body goes through changes. She endeavors quite new experiences throughout the gestation period.

One such significant thing to be concerned about is the mucus plug that provides you with an insight about your newborns well-being and many other details.

To be aware of these details is vital to ensure the birth of a healthy newborn and of knowing the physiological changes in the woman’s own body.

What is a mucus plug

A mucus plug may be defined as “a sealed entrance to the womb”. Just after a fertilized egg is conceived and settled in the uterus for development, the mucus plug starts to form.

It settles in the cervix of the female’s body and provide a physical as well as an antimicrobial barrier between the uterus (where the fetus resides) and the external openings – vagina.

This barrier will protect the fetus from the chances of interactions with bacteria and other microbes entering the female’s body due to sexual intercourse or physical body examinations related to the pregnancy.

Pregnancy mucus plug

The formation of the mucus plug is due to the action of hormones. Just after the pregnancy has started, or in the early pregnancy, there is a rise in the level of the hormones progesterone and estrogen.

Furthermore, secretions from the cervix adds up to those rising levels of hormones resulting in the formation of the mucus plug.

These are the secretions from the cervical glands. It reaches its full size when the pregnancy reaches twelfth week.

Significance of the mucus plug

Presence of the mucus plug at the cervix is very important. It protects the fetus and the uterus. Complications in pregnancies may arise without a mucus plug and sometimes, it may not occur at all if the mucus plug fails to form.

This gelatinous substance protects the fetus by acting as a shield in the cervix. It doesn’t let the harmful bacteria and microorganisms get to the fetus in the womb and prevents its exposure to any thing that might cause infection.

The cervical mucus is present with naturally rich antimicrobial components, but the mucus plug has double the amounts of bacteria busting properties.

Action of Lysozymes

Lysozymes are the enzymes present in the mucus plug that destroys the cell wall of the bacteria, thus, inhibiting their harmful action in any way.

Mucus plug as the hard hitter

Amniotic fluid is the fluid in which the fetus resides in and takes all its nutrients from. It is the last line of defense for the fetus whereas mucus plug acts…

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